How The System Works!
One of the main reasons for the weaknesses of the journalist is the lack of having unity. This is according to the European Federation of Journalists and the International Federation of Journalists that was noted in year 2002.
From the start of the 1990s, the workers of the 2 main newspapers, which are Milliyet and Hurriyet, resigned from the union due to too much stress from the staff named “Aydin Dogan.” The aggression from staffs meant that few workplaces where there have been blending organizations such as the UBA news agency that is privately owned, Gunes and the Tercuman were near down.
Radikal, Star and others were impossible to the union organization newspapers or even in the television and radio companies that started their broadcasting and publication live afterward. Sad to say, the Sabah group and other groups of media have never allowed the union organization.
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The financial crisis of Turkey in 2001 further strengthened the hands of the media owners as almost 3-5000 journalists were fired as well as the most worrying ones were first targeted.
The Media of Turkey suffered from different types of crisis as each year passed by, but one good thing about it is that they remained standing and fighting despite all the struggles that they’ve encountered. This only shows that there’s still hope.
During with the twelve-year regulation, the AKP ruling has progressively expanded its hold over the media. Presently, internet portals, television channels and various newspapers were dubbed while pool media “Havus Medyasi” or slanted media “Yandas Medya” continues their profound pro-government advertisement.
Some groups of media get preferential dealing in swapping for the friendly editorial regulations of AKP. Few of these media groups are obtained by the friendly business of AKP with questionable processes and funds.
Furthermore, a medium that is not friendly towards AKP is threatened through fines, intimidation and assessments. These groups of media owners are facing the same risks in their other businesses. An increasing number of corporate individuals have been fired for discriminating the leadership of AKP.
Trickled telephone calls along with an elevated ranking of AKP businessmen and officials point out that the government officials gathered money from the businessmen so that it can make a pool media, which can assist the AKP government from any fees.
Unfortunately, the penalties of arbitrary tax are evaluated for the newspapers in bankruptcy. After that, the friends of the president have emerged. Based on the present investigation of Bloomberg, Erdogan compelled a sale by the independent once daily Sabah towards a grouping of businessmen that is led by his son in law.
The nationalized-run Television Corporation, Turkish Radio and the Anadolu Agency have discriminated the rival parties and media outlets such as a spokesperson about the AKP ruling.
It is like a carriage in a harsh abuse of their need as an institution to serve and report to the public in a purposeful manner. Fortunately, the leading newspapers of pro-AKP are the Milat, Gunes, Milli Gazette, Turkiye, Aksam, Takvim, Star, Sabah as well as Yeni.
When it comes to the leading TV channels of pro-AKP, these are the Kanal A, Kanalturk, Beyaz Tv, TV8, NTV, Tv Net, Sky Turk 360, TGRT, ATV, TRT, Ulke TV, 24 as well as Kanal 7. As for the leading internet portals of pro-government, these include the En Son Haber, Habervaktim and Haber 7. The luckiest news agencies are the Inhlas News Agency as well as the Anadolu Agency.
The Media of Turkey
Media of Turkey involves a wide series of the foreign and domestic periodicals that express different views as well as household newspapers. The media ownership, however, is focused on the hands of some big groups of private media that are commonly part of larger conglomerates that are authorized by wealthy persons.
Along with this, the censorship is another issue in Turkey. Turkey has noticed that many of the writers are prosecuted as well as lots of journalists have been arrested. On reporters with no “press border’s freedom index,” it has been down from becoming ranked around one hundred in 2005 and one fifty in year 2013.
Through transmission, the most well-known daily newspapers are the Sozcu, Haberturk, Sabah, Hurriyet, Posta and Zaman. The newspapers through editorial oppositional line along with the government correspond to almost 65% of the daily newspapers in the transmission as the newspaper’s share of the pre-government is 25%.
The biggest operative is the group of Dogan Media that in year 2003 got 40% of the marketing income from broadcast media and newspapers in Turkey. In year 2003, two hundred fifty-seven television stations as well as one thousand one hundred radio stations were licensed to operate and the others were operated with no licenses.
Among those that are licensed, thirty-six radio stations and sixteen televisions attained nationwide audiences. The television state network provides few programs in Zaza, Kurdish, Circassian and Arabic.
The Main Media Groups
In year 2004, the 3 main media groups dominated promoting incomes. The Sabah and Dogan Media Group took almost 80% of the promoting newspaper and Cukurova, Dogan and Savah took almost 70% of the television promotion.
In the context of Turkish, highly focused shared media supremacy like Dogan is more valuable as the 3 added aspects are considered. Given below are the 3 added aspects. These are as follows:
• The weakness of the journalists as well as the other staffs in the communal owners of the face of supremacy
• The truth that communal supremacy is merged by a restrictive regulation state on the freedom of speech issues
• The enthusiasm of the communal owners in instrumentalist reporting so that it can match the bigger economic-political awareness of the close relative company
The Dogan Media Group has two-thirds of the entire newspaper promoting income in year 2004 and followed by the 2005 buy of Star TV, they have twenty-five up to thirty percent of the television audience. Star television was sold to Dogus Media Group in year 2011.